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Showing posts with label MAHATMA GANDHI. Show all posts
Showing posts with label MAHATMA GANDHI. Show all posts

Tuesday, August 15, 2023

Some Facts About Indian Independence Day Every Indian Needs To Know

No matter how much we’ve read about our country, it’s never enough. But ours is a generation that likes reading things that are short, quick and informative. Thus, on our Independence Day, summed up some unknown and undisclosed facts about India’s independence that every Indian should know. Take a look.

Our current national flag had a number of iterations. The version you know today was made by Pingali Venkayya at Bezwada in 1921.

Initially, the two dominant colours, saffron and green, represented the two prominent communities. The idea of the white strip in the middle and the Ashok Chakra was given by Mahatama Gandhi. The white shade represented other communities and the Chakra was seen as a symbol of progress. According to another theory, it is believed that saffron stands for courage and sacrifice, green represents faith and chivalry, and white is the symbol of peace. The current national flag was adopted by India on July 22, 1947.

Only Khadi Development and village industries have the license to produce or supply our national flag.

We did not have a national anthem on our first Independence day.
The Bengali version of ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was written in 1911. But it was adopted as our national anthem only in 1950.

It's hard to believe this one, but Mahatama Gandhi was not a part of the first Independence Day celebration.

Gandhiji was fasting in protest against the Hindu-Muslim riots that were taking place in Bengal.

Lord Mountbatten was forced to attend the Independence Day of both India and Pakistan, which is why he brought forward Pakistan’s Independence Day to 14th August. 

Lord Mountbatten chose 15th August as India’s Independence Day because it honoured the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied forces. 

Mahatama Gandhi wanted the Congress Party to disband as its objective to attain freedom had been achieved.

A day before Gandhi’s assassination, he had written a ‘draft constitution of Congress’. 


Friday, May 5, 2023

Although Scarred by Violence, We Must Not be Scared Into Silence

The world has been haunted by human violence since time immemorial. There are untold millions (billions?) of people all over the world who have been scarred by it in all its forms. There are two basic responses: one is to try to return that violence with violence and defeat one’s enemy; the other is, in Martin Luther King, Jr.’s words, to “not seek to defeat or humiliate the opponent, but to win his friendship and understanding” through a non-violent response. Politicians usually embrace the former, while those who are called dreamers advocate the latter.

Between these two, there are various mixed responses, with sane political leaders calling for mutual respect between countries and an end to aggressive provocations leading to warfare, such has occurred with the United States provoking the war in Ukraine.

We have entered the time when the destruction of all life on earth through nuclear war is imminent unless a radical transformation occurs. If the word imminent sounds extreme, it is worth considering that there will be no announcement.  The time to speak up is now. It is always now.

Great literature speaks to the issue of violence at the deepest levels.

Homer’s Odyssey is the classic case of violent revenge. At the end of the story, Odysseus, who was scarred in youth by a wild boar, finally returns home from the Trojan War after ten years of wandering. Doubly scarred now by the horrors of war with its horrendous slaughters (see The Iliad), he arrives at his home disguised in a beggar’s rags. His nursemaid from childhood recognizes him from the scar on his thigh. In his house he finds scores of suitors who are hitting on his wife Penelope. He is enraged and  steps onto the threshold, rips off his rags, and systematically massacres every last one of them. Flesh and gore swim in the blood-drenched room, while in the courtyard twelve unfaithful serving maids hang from their necks. This is the quintessential western story of revenge where the wounded hero kills the bad guys and the violent beat goes on and on.

It appeals to our lesser angels, for while Odysseus’s rage is understandable, its consequences leave a toxic legacy.

But there is another response that draws on another tradition that is symbolized by Jesus on the cross, executed by the Roman state as a subversive criminal. He didn’t die on a private cross, for his crime was public. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi are famous exemplars of non-violent resistance in modern times, as they too were executed by the state. Non-violence seems, on the surface at least, to be less effective than violence and contrary to much of human history.

If it is, however, we are doomed. For we have nuclear weapons now, not bows and arrows and spears. We have nuclear weapons hitched to computers. Digital weapons of multiple sorts and mad leaders intent on pushing us to the brink of extinction.

The United States’ instigation of the war in Ukraine against Russia and its push for war with China are current prime examples.  They are part of the continuing vast tapestry of lies that Harold Pinter spoke of in his 2005 Nobel Address. He said, in part:

The United States supported and in many cases engendered every right wing military dictatorship in the world after the end of the Second World War. I refer to Indonesia, Greece, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Haiti, Turkey, the Philippines, Guatemala, El Salvador, and, of course, Chile. The horror the United States inflicted upon Chile in 1973 can never be purged and can never be forgiven. . . . The crimes of the United States have been systematic, constant, vicious, remorseless, but very few people have actually talked about them.

This is still true, as John Pilger has just warned us in a powerful article: “There Is A War Coming Shrouded In Propaganda. It Will Involve Us. Speak Up”

The rise of fascism in Europe is uncontroversial. Or ‘neo-Nazism’ or ‘extreme nationalism,’ as you prefer. Ukraine as modern Europe’s fascist beehive has seen the re-emergence of the cult of Stepan Bandera, the passionate anti-Semite and mass murderer who lauded Hitler’s ‘Jewish policy,’ which left 1.5 million Ukrainian Jews slaughtered. ‘We will lay your heads at Hitler’s feet,’ a Banderist pamphlet proclaimed to Ukrainian Jews.

Today, Bandera is hero-worshipped in western Ukraine and scores of statues of him and his fellow-fascists have been paid for by the EU and the U.S., replacing those of Russian cultural giants and others who liberated Ukraine from the original Nazis.

In 2014, neo Nazis played a key role in an American bankrolled coup against the elected president, Viktor Yanukovych, who was accused of being “pro-Moscow.” The coup regime included prominent “extreme nationalists” — Nazis in all but name.

The U.S. led support for this war must stop.  Who will stop it?

Homer told us something quite important once upon a time, as did many poets, artists, and writers in the twentieth-century. They warned us of the monsters we were spawning, as Pilger says: “Arthur Miller, Myra Page, Lillian Hellman, Dashiell Hammett warned that fascism was rising, often disguised, and the responsibility lay with writers and journalists to speak out.”  He rightly bemoans the absence of such voices now, as writers have disappeared into post-modern silence, a part of the cultural war on dissent.

On a subtler and more personal note than Homer’s tale of revenge, we have the testimony of Albert Camus who was part of the Resistance to the German occupation of France during WW II. At the beginning of his beautiful, posthumous, and autobiographical novel, The First Man, Camus tells us about Jacques Cormery (Camus), who never knew his father, a French soldier killed in World War I – the misnamed grotesque War to End All Wars – when Jacques was eleven months old.  Years later, when he is forty years old and horrors of WW II have concluded, Jacques visits the cemetery in France where his father is buried.  As he stands over the gravestone in this massive field of the dead, silence engulfs him.  Camus writes:

And the wave of tenderness and pity that at once filled his heart was not the stirring of the soul that leads the son to the memory of the vanished father, but the overwhelming passion that a grown man feels for an unjustly murdered child – something here was not in the natural order and, in truth, there was no order but only madness and chaos when the son was older than the father. The course of time was shattering around him while he remained motionless among those tombs he no longer saw, and the years no longer kept to their places in the great river that flows to its end.

The tale continues, as did Camus’s, who always supported the victims of violence despite harsh criticism from many corners, from the left and from the right. He wrote a famous essay, “Reflections on the Guillotine,” against capital punishment, based on his father’s nauseating experience of seeing a man executed by the state. After hearing this story from his grandmother, he would regularly have ”a recurrent nightmare” that “would haunt him, taking many forms, but always having the one theme: they were always coming to take him, Jacques, to be executed.”

Furthermore, Camus warned us not to become murderers and executioners and to create more victims, when he wrote a series of essays shortly after WW II for the French Resistance paper, Combat. – Neither Victims nor Executioners. He wrote that yes, we must raise our voices:

It demands only that we reflect and then decide, clearly, whether humanity’s lot must be made still more miserable in order to achieve far-off and shadowy ends, whether we should accept a world bristling with arms where brother kills brother; or whether, on the contrary, we should avoid bloodshed and misery as much as possible so that we give a chance for survival to later generations better equipped than we are. 

Which leads me to Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and his run for the U.S. presidency in this most dangerous time. He is a man not scared into silence despite all the efforts to censor him.

From a very tender age he was scarred by death; is surely a wounded warrior, not one of those who went to an actual war, but one who had a different war forced upon him when he was nine and fourteen years-old, when his uncle and father were assassinated by the CIA.  Some repress the implications of such memories; he has faced them and allowed them to spur him to truth and action.

No boar gored him, nor has he slain suitors in his house, because he has taken, not the road of revenge, but that of reconciliation, despite having lost his father and others to demonic government forces. This is the way of non-violence, a path unfamiliar to most of those seeking political office.

I don’t know his inner thoughts about this, but I read his words and actions to decipher where he is trying to take this very violent country. He is a non-violent warrior in the spirit of Gandhi’s truth force or satyagraha. Not a passive non-action, but an active resistance to evil and violence. Not one seeking revenge on all the warmongers and Covid liars (which does not preclude legal prosecutions for crimes), but one who seeks to reconcile the warring parties. To appeal to our higher angels and not the demons urging us to renounce the good, but to the love that is our only hope.

I am not saying he is a pacifist. Such a term muddies the water. He is clearly committed to the defense of the country if it were ever attacked. But he is emphatically opposed to the endless U.S. attacks on other countries. He knows the vicious history of the CIA. He is a very rare political candidate committed to reconciliation at home and abroad. He is waging peace.

Like his father Senator Robert Kennedy and his uncle, President John F. Kennedy, he is anti-war, committed to ending the endless cycle of overseas wars sustained by the military-industrial complex and the corporations who feed at the trough of war spending. He opposes the policies of those politicians who support such endless carnage, which is most of them, including most emphatically Joe Biden. He realizes the danger of nuclear war. He tells us on his website, Kennedy24:

As President, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. will start the process of unwinding empire. We will bring the troops home. We will stop racking up unpayable debt to fight one war after another. The military will return to its proper role of defending our country. We will end the proxy wars, bombing campaigns, covert operations, coups, paramilitaries, and everything else that has become so normal most people don’t know it’s happening. But it is happening, a constant drain on our strength. It’s time to come home and restore this country. . . . We will lead by example. When a warlike imperial nation disarms of its own accord, it sets a template for peace everywhere. It is not too late for us to voluntarily let go of empire and serve peace instead, as a strong and healthy nation.

Those are very strong words and I am sure he means them. But he is opposed by demonic forces within the U.S., what former CIA analyst Ray McGovern aptly calls the Military-Industrial-Congressional-Intelligence-MEDIA-Academia-Think-Tank complex (MICIMATT). They run the propaganda shit show and will throw lie after lie (have already done so) at Kennedy and exert all their pressure to make sure he can not fulfill his promises. Their propaganda is endless and aims to hypnotize. Pinter described it thus: “I put to you that the United States is without doubt the greatest show on the road. Brutal, indifferent, scornful and ruthless it may be but it is also very clever. As a salesman it is out on its own and its most saleable commodity is self-love.”

It is this self-love and American exceptionalism that Bobby Kennedy will have to counteract by emphasizing the humanity of all people and their desire to live in peace. He will have to make it very clear that the U.S. government’s involvement in Ukraine was never humanitarian, but from the start was part of a plan to disable Russia. That is was an effort to continue the Cold War by pushing closer to Russia’s borders.

Only fools think that revenge and violence will lead to a better world.  It may feel good – and I know the feeling – to strike back in anger, but it is only a vicious circle as all history has shown. Revenge only brings bitterness, a cycle of recriminations and reactions. Reconciliation is the way forward, but it can only become a reality by an upswelling of resistance of good people everywhere to the lies of the war-loving propagandists who are leading us to annihilation.

RFK, Jr. can not do it alone. He can lead, but we need a vast chorus of millions of voices to resist, in Pilger’s words, “the all-powerful elite of the corporation merged with the state and the demands of ‘identity’.” If not, democracy will remain notional.  Kennedy is so right to say that the U.S.A. cannot be an empire abroad and continue to be a democracy at home. Silence must be replaced with resistance and his words made real by millions of people opposing the killers.

Writing in another time of extremity, but writing truly, Camus, said:

At the end of this tunnel of darkness, however, there is inevitably a light, which we already divine and for which we only have to fight to ensure its coming. All of us, among the ruins, are preparing a renaissance beyond the limits of nihilism. But few of us know it.

So let us fight with words and actions. As MLK, Jr. told us about the U.S. war against Vietnam: “There comes a time when silence is betrayal.”


May 03, 2023

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Friday, November 18, 2022

India: An emerging superpower

DW Documentary

India, the world’s largest democracy, turns 75.

With his special brand of non-violent resistance, Mahatma Gandhi paved the way for the country’s independence. He campaigned for a pluralistic, secular state and equal opportunities for all.

What remains of those ambitions, today? How far has India distanced itself from the ideals of equality and non-violence espoused by Mahatma Gandhi and other founding fathers? How are democracy, human rights and social justice faring today - and where is India headed?

These are the questions that form the basis for this film’s narrative. The film focuses on people still working today to keep Gandhi’s ideals alive - a challenge, as contemporary reality is often a world away from those goals.

Taken together, their stories form a mosaic representing the multi-faceted nation that is India. A nation marked by stark poverty and great wealth. On the one hand blighted by Hindu nationalism, violence against women and overwhelmed by major environmental problems. On the other, India fosters great geopolitical goals and has an ambitious space program.

Although discrimination on the basis of caste is banned by the constitution, the country continues to marginalize certain sections of its population; children continue to be exploited in urban brickyards; and indigenous populations are driven from their land to make way for corporate development.

At the same time, India is a highly spiritual place with a rich cultural history; a nation that comes up with innovative, critical and creative responses to all manner of problems.

Both films in this two-part documentary explore the intersections of these colliding worlds - brought to life through personal stories.

Contemporary accounts of India frequently look to the past, when the foundations were laid for the world’s largest democracy. One person in particular who was able to build a bridge between the past and the present is Arun Gandhi, grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, who was murdered in 1948.

Arun lived with his grandfather for many years and relates personal anecdotes from that time. He captured his grandfather’s ideas in a well-respected book ("The Gift of Anger: And Other Lessons from My Grandfather Mahatma Gandhi”) and draws comparisons between India’s recent history and its current predicament.

The Indian academic and globalization critic Vandana Shiva sees a vast chasm between Gandhi’s ideals and the modern reality. Her stance is unequivocal: civil disobedience is necessary to this day.

Part 1 India: An emerging superpower - Democracy, development, displacement

Part 2 India: An emerging superpower - Climate, equality, space

Tuesday, January 19, 2021

11 Of The Most Memorable Acts Of Civil Disobedience In History


“Civil disobedience” evokes a range of reactions when people hear the term. Some instinctively wince, regarding it as anti-social or subversive.

Others, like me, want to know more before we judge. What is prompting someone to engage in it? Who will be affected and how? What does the “disobedient” person hope to accomplish? Are there alternative actions that might be more effective?

One of my earliest memories from childhood was an act of civil disobedience. My family resided near Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, about 11 miles from the Ohio border town of Negley. At the time, Pennsylvania prohibited the unauthorized introduction and sale of milk from Ohio. On many a Saturday in the late 1950s and early 1960s, my father and I would drive over to Negley and fill the back seat of our car with good, cheap milk. During the drive back home, he would caution me to “keep it covered and don’t say anything if the cops pull us over.”

For me, milk smuggling was a thrill ride. It was downright exciting to evade a stupid law while keeping an eye out for a cop who might have nothing better to do than bust a couple of notorious dairy dealers. I know my dad made a few bucks when he re-sold the milk to happy neighbors. We never had any regrets or pangs of conscience for committing this victimless crime. We were simply supporting a cause that even Abraham Lincoln may have endorsed when he said, “The best way to get a bad law repealed is to enforce it strictly.”

Government officials hate civil disobedience because it’s a disgruntled citizen’s way of thumbing his nose. If we’re unhappy with laws or policies that are stupid, destructive, corrupt, counterproductive, unconstitutional, or in other ways indefensible, they advise us to do the “democratic” thing—which means hope for the best in a future election, stand in line to be condescended to at some boring public hearing, or just shut up.

My go-to expert on the issue is not a politician or a preacher or an academic. It’s Henry David Thoreau, who famously asked, “Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience then? I think that we should be men first, and subjects afterward.”

If the choice is obedience or conscience, I try my best to pick conscience.

Historically, civil disobedience—the refusal to comply with a law or command of a political authority—is exceedingly common. Sometimes it is quiet and largely unnoticeable. Other times it is boisterous and public. For an act to be one of civil disobedience, it must be accompanied by principled or philosophical objections to a law or command (to exclude such acts as simple theft, fraud, and the like).

Some political theorists argue that to qualify as civil disobedience, an act must be peaceful; others allow for violence in their definition of the term. Revolutions are certainly acts of disobedience, though because they tend to be accompanied by violence they often aren’t very “civil.” In any event, the indefensible violence this week in Washington should not blind us to the very honorable history of genuine civil disobedience and its loftier motivations.

Here’s a short list of what I call “great moments in civil disobedience.” There’s no particular order other than chronological, and I wouldn’t even claim these are all among the “top” examples in history. They are, at the least, interesting food for thought. See how many of them you could endorse.

Chapter One of the Old Testament’s Book of Exodus provides what is probably the oldest recorded instance of civil disobedience. It dates to about 3,500 years ago. Two midwives in Egypt, named Shiphrah and Puah, disobeyed an order from the Pharaoh to kill all male Hebrew babies at birth. When they were called to account, they lied to cover their tracks. The Exodus account says their defiance pleased God, who rewarded them for it. So, anyone who says God is always on the side of the politicians must wrestle with that example, as well as the next one.

The playwright Sophocles wrote numerous literary tragedies, one of which (though fictional) tells the tale of Antigone. Creon, the King of Thebes, attempts to prevent her from giving her brother Polynices a proper burial. Antigone declared her conscience to be more important than any royal decree. She was sentenced to death for her defiance but never recanted.

The Book of Matthew in the New Testament reveals that when told that a Jewish Messiah had been born in Bethlehem, King Herod felt personally threatened. He ordered the Magi (the three visiting wise men) to go to the city, find the baby, and then report back to him. As we all know, the Magi did indeed go to Bethlehem where they presented Joseph, Mary, and the baby Jesus with gifts, but then they disobeyed Herod and vanished. In a fit of anger, the King then ordered the execution of all male children under two years old in the vicinity of Bethlehem. If Joseph and Mary and others who assisted them had not refused to comply, the story of Christianity would be quite different.

In 1317, the Pope demanded that King Robert I of Scotland (better known as Robert the Bruce) embrace a truce with the English in the First War of Scottish Independence. For his refusal to follow the Pope’s orders, Robert was excommunicated. Scottish nobles took their King’s defiance to the next level in 1320 in a letter known as the Declaration of Arbroath. It was the first time in history that an organized group of people asserted it was the duty of a King to rule by the consent of the governed and the duty of the governed to get rid of him if he didn’t. “It is not for honors or glory or wealth that we fight,” they declared, “but for freedom alone, which no good man gives up except with his life.” See Seven Centuries Since William Wallace.

Governor Peter Stuyvesant of the Dutch colonies in North America did not like Quakers. In 1656, he commenced persecution of them and demanded local authorities participate. The following year, the citizens of Flushing (present-day Queens, New York City) drafted and signed a document known as the Flushing Remonstrance. As I recently wrote, those brave people essentially told Stuyvesant, “You are commanding us to persecute Quakers. We will not. So take your intolerance and stick it where the sun doesn’t shine.” The Governor shut down the town council of Flushing and arrested some of the document’s signers but was eventually ordered by the Dutch West India Company to rescind his policy of persecution.

Nobody does tea parties like disgruntled colonists from Beantown. In 1773, the British parliament conferred upon the British East India Company a commercial monopoly on the tea trade. That and “taxation without representation” provoked the Sons of Liberty to stage the famous Boston Tea Party, an event organized by Samuel Adams and other American patriots. Under the cover of night, colonials boarded a British ship and tossed its cargo of tea into Boston’s harbor. Three years later, civil disobedience evolved into a Declaration of Independence and open warfare between Britain and its American colonies.

Robert Smalls was born a slave in South Carolina in 1839. Twenty-three years later, in a daring escape, he and other slave friends commandeered a Confederate transport ship in Charleston harbor. They sailed it right past Confederate guns and into the embrace of the Union blockade. I share this example as emblematic of the historic civil disobedience of all runaway slaves, as well as the courageous support they received from others who defied fugitive slave laws and provided them life-saving assistance. The fight for the freedom of black Americans did not end with the Civil War. Let’s not forget those who resisted Jim Crow laws, such as Rosa Parks. She committed civil disobedience when she refused to give up her bus seat in Montgomery, Alabama.

From 1920 to 1933, America engaged in the nationwide, quixotic crusade against the importation, manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages known as Prohibition. People drank anyway. Women, who previously almost never showed up in bars, now guzzled in speakeasies and back alleys all over the country. Men built their own illegal stills and shot each other to gain market share. Crime rates soared. Juries often refused to convict obvious offenders, and at least one jury drank the evidence before declaring the accused to be innocent. When Woodrow Wilson departed the White House in January 1921, he took his stash of booze with him. His successor, Warren Harding, brought another one in. By the time the whole thing was abolished, people really needed the good, stiff drink they were imbibing all along. (See Prohibition’s Foes.)

In British-ruled India, British companies enjoyed monopoly privileges. In 1882, the Salt Act forbade Indians from collecting or selling salt, a dietary staple. Resentment against the law and British rule in general eventually prompted Mohandas Gandhi’s famous Salt March in 1930. Huge numbers of Indians followed Gandhi in a peaceful protest for 240 miles to the Arabian Sea. More than 55,000 were arrested, but India eventually gained its independence in 1947.

Sophie Scholl and her brother Hans were students at the University of Munich when, at the height of Hitler’s power in 1942, they formed the White Rose Movement. By the thousands, they printed and distributed leaflets denouncing Nazi rule and atrocities against Jews. They never engaged in violence as they worked to undermine support for the regime. They were eventually found out, arrested, put on show trial, and beheaded. Their story is sadly but beautifully recounted in the 2005 film, Sophie Scholl: The Final Days.

The Soviet Union’s “Evil Empire” unraveled in the pivotal year of 1989 but leading up to it, citizens from the Baltic states to Romania made life miserable for communist overlords. In Estonia, the “Singing Revolution” put widespread civil disobedience to music. In Poland, a flourishing underground produced massive black markets until the communist regime declared the country “ungovernable” and scheduled free elections. When Romania’s dictator Nicolae Ceausescu sent troops to arrest a pastor in Timisoara, unarmed congregants ringed the church to defend him. The soldiers refused to fire on them, and the Romanian Revolution was underway; the dictator was dead within a month.

Now I ask you, dear reader, where do you stand on each of these historic occasions of civil disobedience? Personally, I can say I applaud every one of them, wholeheartedly and without qualification. But then, as a former milk smuggler, maybe I’m biased.

The sermons of the American colonial preacher, Rev. Jonathan Mayhew (1720-1766), are credited as the inspiration for the Revolutionary motto, “Resistance to Tyrants is Obedience to God.”

I would vote for Mayhew in an instant—twice, if I could.

Lawrence W. Reed, FEE
Waking Times 

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Sunday, September 6, 2020

RFK Jr. Talks with Ron Paul: ‘Do Not Trust the Medical or National Security Establishment’

Aug 14, 2020

Nephew of President John F. Kennedy, son of Robert F. Kennedy, and tireless crusader against the tyranny of the mainstream medical establishment, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. joins today's Liberty Report to discuss his startling discoveries about who really killed his father and uncle...and why.

Plus, Mr. Kennedy, an environmental lawyer, has been among the most vocal and most successful opponents of the mainstream medical establishment, driven by big Pharma to inoculate and medicate everything that moves.

He tells the Liberty Report how he very reluctantly decided to dedicate his career to fighting the mandatory vaccines that have resulted in so many documented injuries to the recipients.

Mr. Kennedy's Children's Health Defense can be found at 
He can also be found on Instagram: @robertfkennedyjr

Support the Ron Paul Liberty Report and REAL news and analysis with a tax-deductible contribution to the Ron Paul Institute for Peace and Prosperity:


When C Rajagopalachari Exposed BCG Vaccination Campaign Propaganda

September 5, 2020

In 1954 Halfdan Mahler, the WHO senior medical officer, pushed to reinvigorate the BCG vaccination campaign in Madras State, which had suffered setback due to massive opposition. One of the major reason for this setback was due to the resignation of the Chief Minister in the state, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. Simply known as C. R. or ‘Rajaji’ among Tamils. In 1955, C Rajagopalachari exposed BCG vaccination campaign propaganda in a detailed article following his many speeches.

From 1952 he communicated his views on BCG in letters to the Union Minister of Health and ardent supporter of BCG, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. With his resignation the Indian authorities and their UN supporters were given the opportunity to restart the campaign in Madras, but the former Chief Minister was also free to voice his skepticism in public.

Rajagopalachari first openly challenged BCG in a public speech on 7 May 1955. The controversy was up and running and surfaced regularly over the next two years. The controversy culminated in the summer of 1955 when Rajagopalachari published a pamphlet entitled BCG – Why I Oppose It.

As a response to Rajagopalachari’s pamphlet the Government of Madras published a counter-pamphlet entitled Truth about BCG, Why Government Have Launched a Mass Campaign, which attempted to address both the scientific debate and the popular concerns about the vaccine at the behest of the Vaccine Cartel.

The attitude and the policy of the Government of India with regard to BCG has not changed since. Rajagopalachari’s opposition resonated throughout India and caused a dramatic drop in the number of people reached by the BCG teams over the summer of 1955. It made the biggest impact in South India – particularly in Madras State.

Below we publish for our readers awareness Rajaji’s 1995 article in full. The concerns raised by Rajaji ring true and resonate with the massive psychological warfare employed to push the policies of the Pharma Cartel under the cover of coronavirus.

BCG Vaccination – Why I Oppose It
by Sri C Rajagopalachari
The Hahnemannian Gleanings
Hindusthan Standard

The more I examine this subject, the more firmly am I convinced that this B. C. G. mass campaign lacks true scientific basis and is no more than a form of quackery. It is of no use whatsoever in the vast majority of cases and harmful in quite a few. B.C.G. is based on a weak and undemonstrated theory that artificially produced allergy is a defence, which is not supported by that quantity of confirmation which the method of scientific induction demands before acceptance.

It is sought to be guarded and buttressed by admissions that meet every case of proof against it. B.C. G. is of no potency, it is admitted, where the reinfection is strong and this can be an explanation for every failure. In cases where it leads to harm, it is explained by “low resistance” in the victim.

Every circumstance of quackery attends this mass campaign that has been started in India, despite the caution observed in civilized countries abroad wherever it is tried. Indian’ children are beings offered for mass experimentation on the same plan as was put in operation among the people in the war-ravaged areas and uncivilized dependent communities.

Not only is the basis of the B. C. G. scheme scientifically inadequate, but the propaganda employed for its rapid furtherance on a mass scale smacks of the methods of quackery. It has been often officially stated and repeated in the Press that so many lakhs of children have been immunized this year against tuberculosis and so many millions will have been immunized by the end of the next two years and so on.

Any one who remembers the nature of the very limited claims put forward on behalf of B. C. G. vaccination can discover that the public propaganda in this respect is misleading, because the alleged immunity is not claimed to last more than a couple of years after the child is vaccinated and during even that period it is not potent enough against severe infection, and because there is no scheme for re-vaccination for extending the period of immunity. In fact medical opinion is clear that repeated vaccination with B. C. G. would be dangerous.

This is an issue of general national importance and not a matter to be left for disposal according to the majority opinion among them when experts differ. In the adventures of science opinions may vary. Where it is a matter that does not affect the bulk of the people, the difference of opinion may be left to be solved by the scientists; not so, when on the basis of a theory, men’s persons are touched for good or evil.

I am certain that one day in the future this B. C. G. will be declared as of no value and given up by the word of scientists and forgotten. As the Health Department of the Government of India is throwing its great weight on the side of this unscientific adventure, the rejection will take time. Meanwhile the children and the finest section of them all over the land are being deliberately infected on a mass scale with a variety of one of the deadliest living bacilli known to man.

Some among the most eminent men of science have expressed their grave doubts as to what the bacilli introduced in the human system may be capable of becoming and doing in the course of time if not at once. The risk is aggravated by the immense number of persons thus affected and by the unavoidable chances of contamination in a hurricane mass campaign.

The stated object of the mass campaign is to prevent the occurrence of clinical tuberculosis among children. In the first place, the statistical data generally given for mortality among young people from tuberculosis in India are not real statistics but only inferentially deduced conclusions. In the next place, the disease never has occurred or will occur in an epidemic form, so as to justify mass injection with a poison not by any means fully proved to be harmless. Again, the claim put forward for the vaccine is an admittedly undependable immunity and that, too, only for a couple of years. Taking all these into account, one must come to the conclusion that the campaign is thoroughly unjustifiable.

One of the worst incidents of a mass campaign is the ceaseless effort by men whose words carry weight, to rouse “a dread of the disease in the vast majority of people. Fear considerably reduces the power of resistance among those who have hitherto coped with dormant infection. Another general consequence of the campaign is the neglect of other measures such as would go far towards real control of tuberculosis.

I am not against modern ‘western’ therapy or modern science. B. C. G. has nothing to do with modern western medicine. In fact, it is more akin to the principle of homoeopathy than to what is generally known as modern medicine. It proceeds on a creed very similar to that of homoeopathy, namely, that diseases are to be dealt with by the administration in mild forms of the very things that produce the disease. The difference is that the homoeopath does not introduce what multiplies in the human body, but the B. C. G. man introduces a large body of living multiplying organisms, which never leave but are intended to remain forever in the body of the person vaccinated.

Informed readers have to forgive me for devoting even a little space to this, namely, to point out that the B. C. G. vaccine is not a cure for anything. The claim is that it may serve as a preventive in some cases and for a brief period of time. I need not have had to say this but for the fact that I have met quite a few respectively educated men ‘who ask why I oppose something that is proposed to relieve sickness! B.C. G. does not relieve any sickness. It is not intended for it.

Quackery is bad whether it be modern or of the time-honoured variety. It is easy to deal with the latter type but modern quackery is difficult to cope with, as it absorbs for its purposes modern medical terminology and methods of procedure.

“A lie which is all a lie
may be met and fought with outright
But a lie which is part a truth
is a harder matter to fight”.

A principle is discovered which is not universal but it is sought to apply it to cases, where it cannot be applied, and exposure of error is resisted. B.C. G. is an extension of the principle of immunity underlying the artificial introduction of the very same virus or bacilli that cause the disease, with the object that the human body may be stimulated to produce a defence, as it is observed to do when catching the infection in the normal way. The extension of this principle to tuberculosis is wrong because it is known that tuberculosis infection does not lead to the creation of any defensive antibody in the system.

But struggling against this hard fact and insurmountable objection to the applicable of the pasteurian method of producing immunity, the B. C. G. protagonist proceeds to depend on the mere allergy or hypersensitivity created by the introduction of the poison, as a substantial defence against infection and asks us to accept all the unknown risks of the injection for the sake of this allergy, even which admittedly lasts only for a couple of years.

The ultimate argument is merely statistical which, according to the best appraisers, as will be seen, is inconclusive. Mere figures of inoculation done, without any well confirmed observation of results as regards immunity, do not form a valid statistical argument beyond proving the energy and resources at the back of the operating organization.

This is what I respectfully say, is the quackery involved in B. C. G. I am not a medical expert. But my conclusions are not based merely on my a priori fears and doubts, but on the definite pronouncements of most eminent and illustrious medical men of the civilized world.

The Indian medical men that have been recruited by the Health Ministry to conduct and speak for this campaign, the biggest among them, are not as eminent as any of the medical men, on the basis of whose observations and opinions, I have come to the conclusion that this mass campaign of inoculation with live tubercle bacilli is wrong and must be given up.

Newspapers are not all of them very willing to oblige one who opposes a Government-sponsored campaign with large space, even though the subject be of utmost general importance and though the object be to reach truth and not the furtherance of a particular administrative or political policy.

Even when they are generous and willing to publish written criticisms or the reports of speeches dealing with the subject, they are necessarily unable to find space for publishing all the authorities that may be quoted or referred to. This booklet is intended to make up for this. I have here collected and present to readers a few important statements of eminent medical men. I have reduced my own remarks to the minimum that is necessary to explain the relevance of the extracts.

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GreatGameIndia is a journal on Geopolitics and International Relations. Get to know the Geopolitical threats India is facing in our exclusive book India in Cognitive Dissonance. Past magazine issues can be accessed from the Archives section.


Gandhi’s Anti-Vaccine Views Ring True A Century Later

President Trump Drops Nuclear Bomb on Vaccine Mandates

Sunday, March 22, 2020

'The Murder of Mahatma Gandhi Was Ordered By Lord Rothschild For Churchill To Oversee'

Deathbed confession rewrites British WW2 history

Churchill’s bodyguard Walter Thompson claimed before his death that the deaths of Chamberlain, King George V, Mahatma Ghandi and the intelligence chief Vernon Kell, were among a batch of murders ordered by Lord Rothschild for Churchill to oversee.

The Churchill gang killed FDR according to Stalin, too!

WHO KILLED FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT? (February 9, 1986 issue of the nationwide Sunday Supplement magazine “PARADE.”)

“The Churchill gang!” Stalin roared, “They poisoned your father, and they continue to try to poison me…the Churchill gang!”

Benjamin Fulford: Deathbed confession rewrites British WW2 history

Monday, October 14, 2019

It is impossible for one to be internationalist without being a nationalist

It is impossible for one to be internationalist without being a nationalist. Internationalism is possible only when nationalism becomes a fact, i.e. when peoples belonging to different countries have organized themselves and are able to act as one man. It is not nationalism that is evil, it is the narrowness, selfishness, exclusiveness which is the bane of modern nations which is evil. Each wants to profit at the expense of, and rise on the ruin of, the other.

Indian nationalism has struck a different path. It wants to organize itself or to find full self-expression for the benefit and service of humanity at large … God having cast my lot in the midst of the people of India, I should be untrue to my Maker if I failed to serve them. If I do not know how to serve them I shall never know how to serve humanity. And I cannot possibly go wrong so long as I do not harm other nations in the act of serving my country.

Mahatma Gandhi (Young India, 18 June 1925, p211)

Thursday, August 16, 2018

Violence Has No Place in Gandhi's Country, President Kovind Says on Eve of Independence Day

How can one be compelled to accept slavery? I simply refuse to do the master's bidding. He may torture me, break my bones to atoms and even kill me. He will then have my dead body, not my obedience. Ultimately, therefore, it is I who am the victor and not he, for he has failed in getting me to do what he wanted done. (Mahatma Gandhi)

The President of India said the decisions the country takes today, the foundations we lay, the projects we undertake, the social and economic investments we make today whether for the immediate future or for the medium term will determine where we stand. New Delhi: President Ram Nath Kovind on Tuesday asserted that contentious issues and extraneous debates should not be allowed to distract us at a "pivotal moment" when the country is at the cusp of achieving many long-awaited goals.

In his televised address to the nation on the eve of Independence Day, Kovind recalled Mahatma Gandhi's "most noble mantra" on the power of 'ahinsa' (non-violence) being far greater than the power of 'hinsa' (violence), remarks that come against the backdrop of incidents of lynching and mob violence in some parts of the country.

"The power to stay your hand is far greater than the power to strike with your hand and 'hinsa' has no place in the society".

Touching upon a range of issues, the President also said women were entitled to a life of their choice and security to fulfil their potential, amid concerns over their privacy and safety.

"We are at a juncture in our history that is very different from any period we have so far experienced. We are at the cusp of achieving many of our long-awaited goals.

“Universal access to electricity, the elimination of open defecation, the elimination of homelessness, the very elimination of extreme poverty is achievable and attainable. We are at a pivotal moment. Let contentious issues and extraneous debates not distract us," Kovind said.

He said that every Indian who does not jump the queue and respects the civic space and rights of those ahead in the line lives up to the principles of the country's freedom struggle.

"It's a very small gesture. Let us try and abide by it," Kovind said.

Highlighting the role of farmers in providing food security to fellow citizens and the contribution by the country's armed and police forces in battling terrorism and ensuring law and order, he said every Indian who does his or her job with sincerity and commitment is upholding the principles of our freedom struggle.

He said the decisions the country takes today, the foundations we lay, the projects we undertake, the social and economic investments we make today whether for the immediate future or for the medium term will determine where we stand.

"The pace of change and development in our country is rapid and appreciable. And as per our civilisational traditions, it is driven by our people, by civil society and by a partnership between citizen and government. Its focus, again in keeping with the essence of Indian thought, is on a better life for the less fortunate," the president noted.

Stressing that women have a special role in the society, he said the expansion of freedom in our country in many senses amounts to the expansion of freedom for women in our country. "This is true whether we see them as mothers, sisters, daughters or simply as women who are entitled to a life of their choosing and deserving of the opportunity and the security to fulfil their potential".

He said women could do this as sheet-anchors of families or as absolutely critical entrants to institutions of higher learning and India's workforce.

"The choice is theirs; as a nation and as a society we must ensure that they have the right and the ability to exercise that choice," the president said.

Kovind said the reality is that every Indian who does his or her job with sincerity and commitment, who contributes to society by being true to a professional ethic, be it the doctor's ethic, the nurse's ethic, the teacher's ethic, the public servant's ethic, the factory worker's ethic, the business-person's ethic, the ethic of those who have to care for ageing parents who brought them up with love and sacrifice -each of these and many others are in their own way upholding the values of freedom.

He said Independence Day is always special, but this year there is an unusual significance attached to it as in a few weeks, on October 2, India will begin the commemoration of the 150th birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.

"Mahatma Gandhi Everywhere, across continents, Gandhiji is mentioned, cherished and remembered as an icon for all humanity. He is the embodiment of India," the president said.

Kovind said Gandhi spoke of swadeshi with an uncommon zeal and to him Indian civilisation was defined by open windows and not closed doors.

"This was his concept of swadeshi and it is still relevant to us as we engage with the world whether for our economy, our health, education and social aspirations, or our policy choices," the President said, and asked all to adapt Gandhi's ideas and maxim to every day's work to celebrate our freedom and Indianness.

He said this Indianness is not for us alone. "It is part of what our country and our civilisation bring to the global stage."

Kovind said the outcome of education is not merely a degree or a diploma, but the commitment to help improve the life of another in a way that is sustainable.

"This is empathy and fraternity in action. This is the Indian spirit. This is India, because India belongs to the people of India not just to the government," he added.

"They will have my dead body, not my obedience."

Saturday, October 7, 2017

Secret chapters of Mahatma Gandhi's assassination hidden in Madhya Pradesh?



Supreme Court appoints amicus curiae to consider fresh probe into Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination

Was WWII secret British Unit involved in Mahatma Gandhi murder plot?

5 October 2017

BHOPAL: On Mahatma Gandhi's 148th birth anniversary, conspiracy theorists are digging up 'unsolved mysteries' of the assassination - which pistol was used to kill him, how many shots were really fired, was there a second shooter?

The weapon riddle leads to Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. TOI has copies of a 1948 police document, which show that Dr Dattatraya Parchure of Gwalior - who allegedly provided the Beretta with which Godse fired three shots at the Mahatma - owned a second Beretta whose registration number 719791 was strangely the same as a pistol owned by another Gwalior resident, Uday Chand, at the same time.

The pistol with which Gandhi was shot has the registration number 606824. While Dr Parchure had given this one to Godse, he had refused to give him the second Berretta. Both pistols were seized in the aftermath of the assassination - one from the scene of the shooting and the other from Dr Parchure's home.

TOI has a copy of a document, signed by superintendent of police of the erstwhile Gwalior State on February 15, 1948, showing Dr Parchure and Uday Chand holding pistols with the same serial number. The note bases its data on records of May 2, 1947.

TOI approached Dr Parchure's son Upendra, who practices homeopathy in Gwalior, and his grandson Meghdoot for their opinion, but they refused to speak.

Now, a self-confessed Veer Savarkar devotee, Dr Pankaj Phadnis - founder of a modern-day 'Abhinav Bharat' - has filed a PIL in Supreme Court, questioning the belief that three bullets were fired at the Mahatma. He insists four shots were fired and it is the fourth bullet that took his life. An earlier petition of Phadnis seeking reopening of the case was dismissed by a high court earlier, but he is undeterred.

Demanding a fresh probe into Mahatma Gandhi's assassination, he claims that "most newspapers throughout the world" reported that four bullets were fired at Gandhiji and that the "fourth bullet has remained a mystery all along". Phadnis cites an excerpt from Manuben's diary: "Almost 1 'o' clock Bapu was brought inside to bath while taking him to bathroom, all started to cry. Bapu's dhoti, shawl, handkerchief was completely covered with blood from clothes one bullet came out." Manuben, Gandhi's grandniece, was beside him during the assassination.

Phadnis wants to know where this "mystery bullet" came from and who fired it. His petition will be heard on October 6.

There is more to the bullet riddle, and the trail again leads to Gwalior. The petition to reopen the Gandhi assassination case encloses a letter, dated May 6, 1948, from the then IG-police of Delhi province to the director scientific laboratory, East Punjab CID. The IG wants to know if a bullet found in Gwalior matches any of the Berettas seized after the murder. This bullet is alleged to have been fired by the conspirators during a dry run of the assassination.

The laboratory replied that the bullet could not have been fired from the pistol recovered from Godse. TOI has copies of these letters. The question is why did the police feel the need to check out the other Beretta?

Phadnis has also questions why Herbert 'Tom' Reiner, a vice-consul attached to the US embassy, who was the first to nab and disarm Godse, was not made a witness in the case. He wants to know if Gandhi's killing had anything to do with his proposed visit to Pakistan in February 1948, which Pakistan Governor General Jinnah had agreed to.

TOI had on January 1, 2012, published a report on how the trail of ownership of the Beretta pistol used to kill Mahatma Gandhi reached Gwalior but the investigations stopped inconclusive. The pistol had changed many hands in Gwalior till it finally came in possession of Jagdish Prasad Goel, who passed it on to Gangadhar Dandavate who finally handed it to Nathuram Godse. Two of the nine persons charged in the murder plot were executed. The investigation however, remained silent on why trail of the weapon's ownership was never pursued.


Monday, October 2, 2017


P.O. SEVAGRAM, DIST.WARDHA 442102, MS, INDIA Phone: 91-7152-284753

List of books by Gandhiji and on Gandhiji by others. Read online or download.

[Download PDF Books] [Download EPUB/MOBI Books]

Books by Mahatma Gandhi:

An Autobiography - The Story of My Experiments With Truth, by M. K. Gandhi

Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, by M. K. Gandhi

Key To Health, by M. K. Gandhi

Compilations of Gandhi's Writings

Gandhiji's Autobiography Abridged - Abridged by Bharatan Kumarappa

All Men Are Brothers - Compiled and Edited by Krishna Kripalani

Ashram Observances in action - By M. K. Gandhi

Constructive Programme - Its Meaning and Place - By M. K. Gandhi

Diet and Diet Reform - By M. K. Gandhi

Discourses on the Gita

Epigrams From Gandhi, compiled by S. R. Tikekar

Ethical Religion

From Yeravda Mandir (Ashram Observances), by M. K. Gandhi

Gandhi's Life In His Own Words - Compiled by Krishna Kripalani

GANDHI - His Relevance for our times

Gandhiji on KHADI

Gandhiji on VILLAGES

India of My Dreams - by M. K. Gandhi, compiled by R. K. Prabhu

Journalist Gandhi - Compiled by Sunil Sharma

My God

My Non-violence - by M. K. Gandhi, compiled and ed. by Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyaya

My Religion

Mohan-Mala (A Gandhian Rosary) - by M. K. Gandhi, ed. by R. K. Prabhu

Nature Cure - by M. K. Gandhi, ed. by Bharatan Kumarappa

Panchayat Raj - by M. K. Gandhi, compiled by R. K. Prabhu

Pathway to GOD - by M. K. Gandhi, compiled by M. S. Deshpande

Ramanama - by M. K. Gandhi

Selected Letters Part-I by M. K. Gandhi

Selected Letters Part-II by M. K. Gandhi

Selections From Gandhi compiled by N. K. Bose

Selected Works of Mahatma Gandhi ( 5 Volumes) by M. K. Gandhi

Vol-I: Autobiography

Vol-II: Satyagraha in South Africa

Vol-III: Basic Works

Ethical Religion

Unto This Last

Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule

From Yeravada Mandir

Discourses on The Gita

Constructive Programme

Key To Health

Vol-IV: Selected Letters

Vol-V: Voice of Truth

The Mind of Mahatma Gandhi, Compiled by R. K. Prabhu & U. R. Rao

The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism, by M. K. Gandhi

Truth is God by M. K. Gandhi, ed. by R. K. Prabhu

Towards New Education - by M. K. Gandhi, ed. by Bharat Kumarappa

Village Industries - by M. K. Gandhi

Village Swaraj - by M. K. Gandhi

What Jesus Means To Me - by M. K. Gandhi, Compiled by R. K. Prabhu

Books on Mahatma Gandhi

Sabarmati To Dandi by Jyotsna Tiwari

Conflict Resolution and Gandhian Ethics

GANDHI: A Biography for Children and Beginners - by Ravindra Varma

Spitting At The Sun (Assassination of Gandhi : Facts vs. Falsehood)

The Making of A Social Reformer: Gandhi In South Africa - by Surendra Bhana and Goolam H. Vadeh

Africa Needs Gandhi! - by Fr. Jude Thaddeus Langeh

Mahatma Gandhi - Books For Children

A Pictorial Biography Of Mahatma Gandhi - by B. R. Nanda (For children above 14 years)


The Story Of Gandhi - by Rajkumari Shankar (For 8 to 14 year olds)

Inspiring Stories From Gandhi's Life - by Uma Shankar Joshi (for children between 5 to 8 years)

Short Stories For Everyone - Edited by Rita Roy (for children between 5 to 8 years)

GANDHI : A Biography for Children and Beginners - by Ravindra Varma

Our Bapu (for children between 10 to 14 years)

Gandhian Anecdotes (for the children between ten to thirteen years)

A Pinch of Salt Rocks An Empire-(Salt March-Dandi March)-By Sarojini Naidu

Mahatma Gandhi (In comic book form) - by Eric Francis